Finding HTML Elements

Often, with JavaScript, you want to manipulate HTML elements.

To do so, you have to find the elements first. There are several ways to do this:

Finding HTML elements by id

Finding HTML elements by tag name

Finding HTML elements by class name

Finding HTML elements by CSS selectors

Finding HTML elements by HTML object collections


Finding HTML Element by Id

The easiest way to find an HTML element in the DOM, is by using the element id.

This example finds the element with id="intro".

If the element is found, the method will return the element as an object (in myElement).

If the element is not found, myElement will contain null.

EXAMPLE ❯


Finding HTML Elements by Tag Name

This example finds all <p> elements:

Example:

<p id="demo"></p>

<script>

const element = document.getElementsByTagName("p");

document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML = 'The text in first paragraph (index 0) is: ' + element[0].innerHTML;

</script>

This below  example finds the element with id="main", and then finds all <p> elements inside "main":

EXAMPLE ❯


Finding HTML Elements by Class Name

If you want to find all HTML elements with the same class name, use getElementsByClassName().

This example returns a list of all elements with class="intro".

Example:

const x = document.getElementsByClassName("intro");

EXAMPLE ❯


Finding HTML Elements by CSS Selectors

If you want to find all HTML elements that match a specified CSS selector (id, class names, types, attributes, values of attributes, etc), use the querySelectorAll() method.

This example returns a list of all <p> elements with class="intro".

EXAMPLE ❯


Finding HTML Elements by HTML Object Collections

This example finds the form element with id="frm1", in the forms collection, and displays all element values:

EXAMPLE ❯